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The Medium Legendas Portuguese (BR) WORK

Umbanda (Portuguese pronunciation: [ũˈbɐ̃dɐ]) is a syncretic Afro-Brazilian religion that blends traditional African religions with Roman Catholicism, Spiritism, and Indigenous American beliefs. Although some of its beliefs and most of its practices existed in the late 19th century in almost all Brazil, it is assumed that Umbanda originated in Niterói and surrounding areas in the early 20th century, mainly due to the work of Zélio Fernandino de Moraes, a psychic ("medium") who practiced Umbanda among the poor Brazilian of African descent. Since then, Umbanda has spread across mainly southern Brazil and neighboring countries like Argentina and Uruguay.

The Medium Legendas Portuguese (BR)

Umbanda has many branches, each one with a different set of beliefs and practices. Some common beliefs are the existence of a Supreme Being and creator of the universe known as Olodumare. Other common beliefs are the existence of deities called Orixás, most of them syncretized with Catholic saints that act as divine energy and forces of nature; spirits of deceased people that counsel and guide practitioners through troubles in the material world; psychics, or mediums, who have a natural ability that can be perfected to bring messages from the spiritual world of Orixás and the guiding spirits; reincarnation and spiritual evolution through many material lives (karmic law) and the practice of charity and social fraternity.

Umbanda practitioners believe in a supreme creator god; the use of a medium to contact the spirits of deceased people; reincarnation and spiritual evolution through many physical existences; and the practice of charity.

Umbanda temples are autonomous organizations that focus around a leader, mediums (psychics who are able to intermediate communications between the physical and the spiritual worlds), initiates (people with psychic abilities who are being taught in the ways of Umbanda) and lay members.

Umbanda has been recognized for its openness toward sexual diversity. Homosexual, bisexual, heterosexual, and transexual people are welcomed without distinction.[23] In places where Candomblé's influence is greater, men and women may fulfill different roles, but they are of equal dignity and importance.[23] Another important aspect is that people who are not heterosexual have the possibility of becoming priests or priestesses, mediums, and so forth without distinction. Many homosexual couples marry religiously at the hands of Umbanda priests.[23]

TED talks cover a wide range of domains and topics, but not all videos come with a considerable number of translations. Thus, only the resources that met our criteria have been selected. To do so, we manually:Selected talks with subtitles of more than specific 15 languages, especially poor or medium density languages. We also made sure to select languages from different families such as the six official languages of the United Nations which are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.

Subtitles can be burned into the video track, meaning they can not be removed, or can be toggled on or off. This was commonly seen on older mediums, like subtitle translations were often burned into the video track for VHS tapes.

On TV sets, a decoder is required to see be able to select the closed captions from televised content. As it relates to the United States, all televisions built after 1990 and that are larger than 13 inches have built-in decoder circuitry that is designed to be able to display closed captioned television transmissions. This is thanks to the Television Decoder Circuitry Act. Some mediums have the captions built in, though. DVDs and Blu-rays are two examples where the subtitles are contained on the medium and selected from a remote or player. For online sources, these are selectable from inside the video player. For more information on closed captions, please read our What is Closed Captioning article.

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