Stat AZ: Environmental and Energy Statistics of Arizona
Stat AZ: A Comprehensive Guide to the State of Arizona
Are you curious about the state of Arizona? Do you want to learn more about its history, geography, demographics, economy, culture, and attractions? If so, then you are in the right place. In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide to the state of Arizona, using official statistics from reliable sources. We will cover everything from the prehistoric origins of the state to its modern-day achievements and challenges. Whether you are a resident, a visitor, or a student of Arizona, we hope that this article will enrich your knowledge and appreciation of this fascinating state.
What is Stat AZ?
Stat AZ is a website that provides official statistics on various aspects of the state of Arizona. It is maintained by the State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan (SSCRA), which is the central executive authority responsible for collecting, processing, analyzing, and disseminating statistical information in Azerbaijan. The SSCRA collaborates with other national and international organizations to ensure the quality, accuracy, timeliness, and relevance of its data. Stat AZ aims to inform and educate the public, as well as support decision-making and policy-making in various sectors.
Why is Stat AZ important?
Stat AZ is important because it helps us understand the state of Arizona better. By using official statistics, we can get a clear and objective picture of the social, economic, environmental, and cultural conditions of the state. We can also compare Arizona with other states or countries, as well as track its progress over time. Stat AZ can help us identify the strengths and weaknesses of the state, as well as the opportunities and challenges it faces. Stat AZ can also inspire us to learn more about the history, geography, culture, and attractions of the state.
History of Arizona
Prehistoric and Native American cultures
The history of Arizona dates back to thousands of years ago, when the first humans arrived in the region. Archaeological evidence suggests that Paleo-Indians inhabited Arizona as early as 13,000 BC, hunting mammoths and other large animals. Later, around 300 BC, the Ancestral Puebloans (also known as Anasazi) developed complex civilizations in northern Arizona, building cliff dwellings, irrigation systems, and pottery. Around 700 AD, the Hohokam culture emerged in southern Arizona, creating extensive canal networks and ball courts. Around 900 AD, the Mogollon culture flourished in eastern Arizona, producing distinctive pottery and architecture.
When Europeans arrived in Arizona in the 16th century, they encountered various Native American tribes that had descended from or been influenced by these ancient cultures. Some of these tribes include the Apache, Hopi, Navajo, Pima, Tohono O'odham, Yaqui, Yavapai, and Zuni. These tribes had diverse languages, religions, customs, and lifestyles. They often clashed with each other or with the newcomers over land, resources, trade, or religion. Despite their differences, they all shared a deep connection to the land and a rich cultural heritage.
Spanish and Mexican rule
The first European to explore Arizona was Marcos de Niza, a Spanish friar who claimed to have seen a mythical city of gold called Cibola in 1539. His report sparked interest among other Spanish explorers and conquistadors who followed him. The most famous of these was Francisco Vázquez de Coronado who led a large American settlement and statehood
The United States acquired most of Arizona from Mexico in 1848, after the Mexican-American War. The remaining southern part of the state was purchased in 1854, in what is known as the Gadsden Purchase. Arizona was initially administered as part of the Territory of New Mexico, but in 1863 it became a separate territory. During the American Civil War, Arizona briefly joined the Confederate States of America, but was soon recaptured by Union forces. Arizona was the last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, on February 14, 1912.
Arizona's early economy was based on mining, ranching, and farming. The discovery of silver, copper, gold, and other minerals attracted many prospectors and entrepreneurs to the state. Some of the famous mining towns that emerged were Tombstone, Bisbee, Jerome, and Prescott. Ranching and farming also developed as settlers established homesteads and irrigation projects. Arizona became known for its production of cotton, citrus, cattle, and copper.
Arizona also played a significant role in the development of the American West. It was home to many outlaws, lawmen, cowboys, and pioneers who shaped the region's history and culture. Some of the legendary figures who lived or passed through Arizona include Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday, Billy the Kid, Geronimo, Cochise, and Buffalo Soldiers. Arizona also witnessed some of the most famous events and conflicts of the Old West, such as the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, the Apache Wars, and the Pleasant Valley War.
Geography and climate of Arizona
Landforms and regions
Arizona is a landlocked state situated in the southwestern region of the United States of America. It has a vast and diverse geography famous for its deep canyons, high- and low-elevation deserts, numerous natural rock formations, and volcanic mountain ranges. Arizona shares land borders with Utah to the north, the Mexican state of Sonora to the south, New Mexico to the east, and Nevada to the northwest, as well as water borders with California and the Mexican state of Baja California to the southwest along the Colorado River. Arizona is also one of the Four Corners states and is diagonally adjacent to Colorado.
Arizona has a total area of 113,998 square miles (295,253 km), making it the sixth largest U.S. state. Of this area, just 0.3% consists of water, which makes Arizona the state with the second lowest percentage of water area (New Mexico is the lowest at 0.2%). Arizona spans about 335 miles (539 km) at its widest and 390 miles (628 km) at its longest, and has an average elevation of about 4,000 feet (1,200 m). The geographic center of Arizona is located in Yavapai County, approximately 55 miles (89 km) east-southeast of the city of Prescott.
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Arizona can be divided into six main physiographic regions:
The Colorado Plateau covers most of northern and northeastern Arizona. It is characterized by high plateaus, mesas, canyons, arches, and buttes. Some of its notable features include the Grand Canyon , Monument Valley , Canyon de Chelly , Petrified Forest , Painted Desert , Vermilion Cliffs , Antelope Canyon , Coal Mine Canyon , Rainbow Bridge , Horseshoe Bend , Meteor Crater , San Francisco Peaks , Mogollon Rim , and Kaibab Plateau . The Colorado Plateau has an average elevation of about 5,000 feet (1,500 m) and a cool semi-arid climate.
The Transition Zone covers a narrow strip of central Arizona between the Colorado Plateau and the Basin and Range Province . It is composed of rugged mountains and valleys that vary in elevation from 2,000 to 8,000 feet (600 to 2,400 m). Some of its notable features include Sedona , Oak Creek Canyon , Prescott , Jerome , Mingus Mountain , Bradshaw Mountains , Mazatzal Mountains , Superstition Mountains , Tonto Basin , Salt River Canyon , Sycamore Canyon , Walnut Canyon , Montezuma Castle , Tuzigoot , Agua Fria National Monument , and Arcosanti . The Transition Zone has a temperate climate with four distinct seasons.
The Basin and Range Province covers most of southern and western Arizona. It is characterized by low-lying basins separated by isolated mountain ranges. Some of its notable features include Phoenix , Tucson , Yuma , Lake Havasu City , Lake Mead , Lake Powell , Hoover Dam , Parker Dam and Lake Arivaca. Arizona also has several aquifers that supply groundwater for domestic, agricultural, and industrial use. These include the Coconino Plateau Aquifer, the Prescott Active Management Area, the Phoenix Active Management Area, the Pinal Active Management Area, the Tucson Active Management Area, and the Santa Cruz Active Management Area.
Land: Arizona has a diverse and scenic landscape that offers many opportunities for recreation, tourism, conservation, and development. Arizona has about 9.2 million acres of forest l